South Africa’s banking regulator plans to give banks a break from accounting and capital rules that could release around R300 billion for lending to help the economy cope with the fallout of the coronavirus.
“It’s quite big, it’s quite meaningful,” said Kuben Naidoo, deputy governor of the South African Reserve Bank (Sarb) and CEO of the Prudential Authority, in an interview. “We will need to evaluate in one or two months’ whether this is enough.”
The regulator joins other banking authorities around the world that have relaxed rules to keep credit flowing to counter the economic havoc caused by the pandemic. South Africa’s proposals include dropping minimum capital requirements and compulsory reserve funds for lenders, reducing the liquidity coverage ratio to 80% from 100% and relaxing accounting standards when determining potential losses.
While South African banks have been criticised by labor unions and small business owners for not doing enough to help struggling customers as the nation entered a 21-day lockdown on Friday, they have to comply with requirements set by the regulator.
They were also prevented from hammering out a coordinated response until antitrust authorities allowed the lenders to discuss the issue with each other.
Discussions with banks
“It’s to facilitate the banks to provide these short-term holidays,” said Naidoo. “We’ve have had informal consultations with banks and they are prepared to extend payment holidays to certain categories of customers.”
The lenders have asked customers to reach out to them so that tailor-made solutions could be crafted for different situations.
Arrangements could include suitable payment deferrals, the restructuring of debt or the provision of small and medium enterprise bridging finance.
Not for bonuses
The central bank has cut interest rates by the biggest margin in more than a decade, following similar moves by global monetary policy authorities, and announced that it will start buying debt in the secondary market to boost liquidity in a economy that is projected to contract. On Friday, the country also lost the last investment-grade rating on its debt.
While the proposals are available for comment, there is no specified time frame so the measures will be enacted next week, Naidoo said.
Banks are likely to make individual submissions on the central bank’s proposals by Monday, Cas Coovadia, MD of the Banking Association of South Africa, said by phone.
“Through this period we obviously don’t want to fall foul of the capital and liquidity requirements,” he said. “We are quite happy that the Sarb is actually coming to the table with some flexibility on these.”
The measures, published on the central bank website, will likely target households and small- and medium-sized businesses.
The measures are not intended to allow banks to distribute earnings in the form of dividends and the regulator reserves the right to prohibit any payouts, Naidoo said.
“This is potentially a very significant capital, regulatory and liquidity easing to both support banks but also importantly allow banks to support [the] economy for the dual downgrade and coronavirus shocks rapidly closing in,” said Peter Attard Montalto, head of capital markets research at Intellidex.
Still, given the potential losses banks may make as a result of the downturn the moves are likely to be more accommodative than stimulatory, Intellidex said in a note to clients on Sunday.
The industry as a whole is likely to lose R30 billion rand this year, making it unlikely that a significant amount of additional loans will be made, it said.
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